All children get sick from time to time. When your child isn’t feeling well it is important to know how to recognise symptoms, how to treat symptoms and when to call the doctor.
Common infectious diseases that affects children.
With children getting as many as eight colds per year or more, this contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory tract is the most common infectious disease and the number one reason child’s visit the doctor and stay home from school.
The first symptoms of a cold are often a tickle in the throat, a runny or stuffy nose, and sneezing. Children with colds may also have a sore throat, cough, headache, mild fever, fatigue, muscle aches, and loss of appetite.
When to call the doctor
If your child’s symptoms get worse instead of better.
If your child’s symptoms appear at the same time every year, or occur when your child is exposed to pollen, dust, animals, or another substance, your child could have an allergy.
If your child has trouble breathing or wheezes when he or she catches a cold.
Also call the doctor if your child has any of these symptoms:
- Coughing up a lot of mucus
- Shortness of breath
- Unusual lethargy/tiredness
- Inability to keep food or liquids down or poor fluid intake
- Increasing headache or facial or throat pain
- Severely painful sore throat that interferes with swallowing
- High fever (38.0° C) or higher that lasts for more than a day
- Chest or stomach pain
- Swollen glands in the neck